Vol. 7, No. 4, 2001 Page 6


By William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein
Oxford University Press, 2000
$24 +S&H (hardback)

Authors William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein obviously have a remarkably extensive background in genetics. Even their list of over 200 references, conveniently listed by chapter, covers 17 pages. Clark is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology at UCLA, and Grunstein is Professor of Biological Chemistry, also at UCLA.

Research reports from single cell organisms to the latest twin studies are summarized. It is a fascinating story, told in easy to read language. Genetic influences on aggression, learning, memory, sexual preference, human "sixth sense," neurotransmitters, free will, substance abuse, and considerably more are analyzed.

The "nature vs. nurture" question is discussed in detail. The authors' answer is that both are important, and that one interacts with—not opposes—the other. They present scientific evidence that combinations of genes have much more impact on any one behavior than has usually been considered.

One wonders how long it will be before science, using genome mapping, will learn how to improve all human behavior. Don't guess the answer before you read this book; the time may arrive sooner than you think.

Quotes from ARE WE HARDWIRED? by Clark and Grunstein:

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